Article 4

  1. All Greeks are equal before the law.
  2. Greek men and women have equal rights and equal obligations.
  3. All persons possessing the qualifications for citizenship as specified by law are Greek citizens. Withdrawal of Greek citizenship shall be permitted only in case of voluntary acquisition of another citizenship or of undertaking
  4. service contrary to national interests in a foreign country, under the conditions and procedures more specifically provided by law.
  5. Only Greek citizens shall be eligible for public service, except as otherwise provided by special laws.
  6. Greek citizens contribute without distinction to public charges in proportion to their means.
  7. Every Greek capable of bearing arms is obliged to contribute to the defence of the Fatherland as provided by law.
  8. Titles of nobility or distinction are neither conferred upon nor recognized in Greek citizens.

** Interpretative clause: The provision of paragraph 6 does not preclude that the law provides for the mandatory performance of other services, within or outside the armed forces (alternative service), by those having a substantiated conscientious objection to performing armed service or, generally, military duties.

Article 21

  1. The family, being the cornerstone of the preservation and the advancement of the Nation, as well as marriage,   motherhood and childhood, shall be under the protection of the State.
  2. Families with many children, disabled war and peace-time veterans, war victims, widows and orphans, as well as persons suffering from incurable bodily or mental ailments are entitled to the special care of the State.
  3. The State shall care for the health of citizens and shall adopt special measures for the protection of youth, old age, disability and for the relief of the needy.
  4. The acquisition of a home by the homeless or those inadequately sheltered shall constitute an object of special State care.
  5. Planning and implementing a demographic policy, as well as taking of all necessary measures, is an obligation of the State.
  6. People with disabilities have the right to benefit from measures ensuring their selfsufficiency, professional integration and participation in the social, economic and political life of the Country.

Article 22

  1. Work constitutes a right and shall enjoy the protection of the State, which shall care for the creation of conditions of employment for all citizens and shall pursue the moral and material advancement of the rural and urban working population. All workers, irrespective of sex or other distinctions, shall be entitled to equal pay for work of equal value.
  2. General working conditions shall be determined by law, supplemented by collective labour agreements concluded through free negotiations and, in case of the failure of such, by rules determined by arbitration.
  3. The matters relating to the conclusion of collective labour agreements by civil servants and the servants of local government agencies or of other public law legal persons, shall be specified by law.
  4. Any form of compulsory work is prohibited. Special laws shall determine the requisition of personal services in case of war or mobilization or to face defence needs of the country or urgent social emergencies resulting from disasters or liable to endanger public health, as well as the contribution of personal work to local government agencies to satisfy local needs.
  5. The State shall care for the social security of the working people, as specified by law.

Interpretative clause: The general working conditions include the definition of the manner of collection and the agent obliged to collect and return to trade unions membership fees specified in their respective by-laws.

Article 116

  1. Existing provisions contrary to article 4 paragraph 2 shall remain in force pending their abolition by statute not later than December 31, 1982.
  2. Adoption of positive measures for promoting equality between men and women does not constitute discrimination on grounds of sex. The State shall take measures for the elimination of inequalities actually existing, in particular to the detriment of women.
  3. Ministerial decisions of a regulatory nature as well as provisions of collective agreements or arbitration decisions fixing the remuneration for employment which are contrary to the provisions of article 22 paragraph 1 shall remain in force until they are replaced not later than three years from the date of entry into force of this Constitution.